What is a Phoenix FHA 203k Loan?
An FHA 203k loan is basically the same as a regular FHA [called a 203(b)], but with a twist. An FHA 203k loan permits home buyers to finance repair/improvement money into their mortgage to repair, improve or upgrade their home. With this loan option, home buyers can quickly and easily tap into cash to pay for property repairs or improvements, such as those identified by a home inspector or FHA appraiser or home buyer preferences, such as energy efficient improvements, replacement of existing counter tops, appliances, floor coverings, etc. There are two types of Phoenix FHA 203k Loans: Standard (minimum $5,000 up to FHA maximum loan amount) & the Limited ($0 – $35,000…up to FHA maximum loan amount). The Standard 203k is more like a construction project, and the Limited 203k Loan is for more minor improvements. CLICK HERE for the FHA maximum mortgage amounts for the Phoenix area.
An oversimplified example: Purchase price is $100,000. Upgrades/Repairs/Improvements will cost $15,000. Borrowers loan amount is $115,000 (not to exceed FHA maximum mortgage amount).
What are the benefits of using an Phoenix FHA 203k Loan?
The purchase of a Phoenix house that needs repair is often a catch-22 situation, because the bank won’t lend the money to buy the house until the repairs are complete, and the repairs can’t be done until the house has been purchased. HUD’s FHA 203k loan program can help you with this quagmire and allow you to purchase or refinance a property plus include in the loan, the cost of making the repairs and improvements. Plus the mortgage loan interest on the FHA 203k loan qualifies for the mortgage interest tax deductions like all other mortgage loans. So, the interest that the borrower pays on this “construction” can be all tax deductible! The FHA 203k loan program improves the real estate market because it requires a property to actually be improved…not just purchased. Because of the improvement requirement with the FHA 203k loan program, real estate values are increased, which helps other homeowners in the same neighborhood, invigorates communities, creates work for contractors and commerce is conducted by the purchasing of goods and services. Simply put, the FHA 203k loan program improves everything associated with it.
Who qualifies for a Phoenix FHA 203k Loan?
Any owner occupant primary residence borrower or qualified nonprofit group who qualifies for an FHA loan can also qualify for an FHA 203k Loan.
What type of Phoenix properties qualify for an FHA 203k Loan?
An FHA 203k Loan can be used for one-to-four unit dwellings, such as Single Family Detached Homes, Duplexes, Triplexes, 4-plexes, Condominiums (certain restrictions apply) and Mixed-Use Residential (certain restrictions apply).
What is the maximum loan amount for an FHA 203k Loan?
It depends on the county where the property is located. CLICK HERE for the FHA maximum mortgage amounts for your area. Or you may contact your FHA lender for this information.
What types of repairs and/or modifications are acceptable for an FHA 203k Loan?
Almost any repairs, improvements, and modifications that add value to and/or improve the property are acceptable for an FHA 203k Loan. The improvements must comply with HUD’s Minimum Property Standards (24 CFR 200.926d and/or HUD Handbook 4000.1) and all local codes and ordinances. Structural modifications and any work in excess of $35,000 can only be done using a Standard 203k and are NOT allowed for the Limited 203k. Luxury items such as new swimming pools, BBQ’s, Gazebos, spas, etc. are not allowed for any 203k loan. However, limited pool repair is allowed under both versions of the FHA 203k loan. Examples of allowable repairs, modifications, and renovations for the FHA 203k loan (not an all-inclusive list):
Energy Efficient upgrades (windows, insulation, solar systems, etc.)
Repair/Replacement of roofs, gutters and downspouts
Repair/Replacement/upgrade of existing HVAC systems
Repair/Replacement/upgrade of plumbing and electrical systems
Repair/Replacement of flooring
Kitchen and Bathroom remodeling
Painting, both exterior and interior
Weatherization, including storm windows and doors, insulation, weather stripping, etc.
Purchase and installation of appliances, including freestanding ranges, refrigerators, washers/dryers, dishwashers and microwave ovens
Accessibility improvements for persons with disabilities
Lead-based paint stabilization or abatement of lead-based paint hazards
Fencing & Masonry
Limited swimming pool repair
Whole house remodeling
Repair/replace/add exterior decks, patios, porches
Basement finishing and remodeling
Window and door replacements and exterior wall re-siding
Septic system and/or well repair or replacement
Structural repairs/modifications (moving walls, repairing foundations, building additions, etc.)
(The above list is NOT an all-inclusive list)
Is there a minimum or a maximum repair amount for an FHA 203k Loan?
FHA 203k Limited: $0 – $35,000*
FHA 203k Standard: $5,000 – FHA max mortgage limit*
*The maximum is always limited by lesser of the borrowers approval limit, the FHA maximum mortgage limit for the area or 110% of the improved appraised value.
Will my mortgage lender inspect the repairs/improvements on the FHA 203k Loan?
According to HUD, for the Standard 203k , all work must be inspected by the 203k Consultant or the FHA appraiser prior the contractor receiving each draw/payment. According to HUD, on the Limited 203k, for repairs less than $15,000, and inspection is not required but any repairs in excess of $15,000, the Lender must perform or obtain an inspection of the completed work by a third party. However, the Lender may choose to obtain or perform inspections if it believes such actions are necessary for program compliance and/or risk mitigation. Lenders may also ensure that the repairs and/or improvements have been completed by obtaining contractor’s receipts or by a signed Mortgagor’s Letter of Completion. If the Lender determines that an inspection(s) by a third party is necessary to ensure proper completion of the proposed repair or improvement item, the Lender may charge the borrower for the costs of no more than two inspections per each contractor. To eliminate the need and cost for an inspection of the completed repair(s) or improvement(s) when not exceeding $15,000, the Lender may accept receipts or proof of completion of the work to the homeowner’s satisfaction from the contractor. Before a final release is made, the home owner must sign a statement acknowledging that the work has been completed in a professional and satisfactory manner.
What is a contingency reserve on the FHA 203k Loan?
A contingency reserve is 10%-20% of the repair/renovation amount and is used for any potential cost overruns or unexpected expenses. A contingency reserve is required on the 203k Standard but none is required for the 203k Limited. Any monies saved or not spent may be used to complete additional work (subject to lender approval) or a onetime principle balance reduction in the mortgage amount.
Do I need to hire a HUD Approved FHA 203k Consultant?
For the FHA 203k Standard, a HUD Approved FHA 203k Consultant is required, but is NOT required for an FHA 203k Limited. However, you are allowed to hire anybody you think will help you to make good real estate decisions. Even if a HUD 203k Consultant is NOT required, you lender may require one. Just because HUD doesn’t require the use of a 203k Consultant, doesn’t mean that the lender making the loan won’t require one. Always check with the lender first. We always recommended the use of a 203k Consultant for all 203k loans, because they can add an extra layer of protection and information that only they can provide. CLICK HERE for a list of all 203k Consultants in your area.
Can I do the work myself on an FHA 203k Loan?
YES, subject to your lender’s approval. However, if the borrower wants to do any work or be the general contractor, they must be qualified to do the work, and do it in a timely and workmanlike manner. This means that if you want to do the work yourself or be your own General Contractor, then you MUST be skilled and licensed to do such work. It is very important that the work be done in a time frame that will assure the completion of the work that will be agreed upon in the Renovation Loan Agreement (signed at closing). A borrower doing their own work can only be paid for the cost of the materials…never the labor. Contractor estimates are still usually required and the loan amount is usually based on those estimates. Monies saved or not spent can be allocated to cost overruns, additional improvements, or a onetime principle balance reduction. Because of lender overlays (internal additional rules and guidelines), a contractor will be required to perform the work the majority of the time.
What is a Certified 203k Contractor?
Because neither HUD nor FHA certifies, approves or endorses remodeling/general contractors, there is no such thing as a remodeling or general contractor being an FHA approved contractor for the FHA 203k loan. In 1995, HUD stopped approving builders/contractors, eliminated this approval process and the associated database, according to Mortgagee Letter 95-57. Instead, HUD/FHA allow the borrower to hire whomever they want and require the lender to determine that the selected contractor is acceptable for 203k work by verifying their license, insurance, references, experience, education and understanding of the 203k (Mortgagee Letter 00-25). Since HUD/FHA, borrowers and 203k lenders do not educate contractors on all of the intricacies of the 203k, contractors complete the 203k Contractor Education course to receive their 203k education, which is a prerequisite to becoming a Certified 203k Contractor. Earning the designation as a Certified 203k Contractor is a validation that contractors present to 203k borrowers, lenders, 203k Consultants and Realtors® to validate their competency, understanding and experience with the 203k [HUD’s guidelines, time lines, paperwork, compensation structure, etc.. as well as the contractor’s ability to afford the start-up costs of each 203k project]. The 203k Contractor Certification Program is mainly education and partly an approval process where a contractor is educated on the 203k, their knowledge/understanding of the FHA 203k is verified and tested and business and customer references have been contacted and verified, as well as verification of licensing, insurance and financial stability. This education-based approval process exceeds all FHA lender underwriting guidelines and assures FHA lenders, Realtors® and consumers that these Certified 203k Contractors are as knowledgeable as possible on the 203k loan. All Certified 203k Contractors will be listed in this directory, should display the Certified 203k Contractor logo on their Websites and can provide you with a copy of their Certificate of Accreditation. Go to the 203k Contractor Directory to use the map or the Contractor Search page to manually search for all the Certified 203k Contractors.
How does a contractor get involved with the FHA 203k loan program?
Contractors need to understand the following:
If I am a Phoenix contractor, how can I earn the designation as a Certified 203k Contractor?
Proceed to the Certification page of the 203k Contractor Directory to learn about the process and submit your online application.
How do the Phoenix contractors get paid on an FHA 203k Loan?
The contractors are paid in a series of draws by the borrower’s lender through escrowed funds. At closing, the lender places the rehab/improvement funds into an escrow account. More detailed information is available in the 203k Contractor Education Course.
FHA 203k Limited
Contractors receive maximum two (2) payments. After closing on the home, contractors may receive a portion of the job cost (maximum 50%) as a pre-construction payment, subject to lender approval but may take weeks to arrive. Therefore, contractors must be financially capable of affording all the start-up costs and a portion of the ongoing expenses with the 203k project (ample credit lines with suppliers and subs and/or sufficient capital/reserves). Once all the work is complete, the contractors can request final payment of the remaining portion of the job cost according to the proposal that was submitted and approved by the borrower and the lender.
FHA 203k Standard
Contractors receive by default, four (4) draws plus a final for payment. If the rehab exceeds $10,000, more draws can be authorized by approval from the borrower and lender before the loan closes. After closing on the home, there is no upfront money paid to contractors to offset the start-up costs. Therefore, contractors must be financially capable of affording all the start-up costs and a portion of ongoing expenses with the 203k project (ample credit lines with suppliers and subs and/or sufficient capital/reserves). Contractors receive payment after stages of work are completed and inspected. For each draw request on the 203k Standard, an inspection is required.
What costs/fees are involved with an FHA 203k Loan?
The borrower will incur the fees normally associated with an FHA loan (contact your lender and/or real estate agent for more detailed information). In addition, other costs may include:
Can an investor use the FHA 203k Loan?
No. The borrower must be a primary residence owner occupant or a qualified nonprofit group. Since 1996, there has been a moratorium on investors using the FHA 203k loan. However, you can buy a 2-4 unit dwelling, reside in 1 of the units and rent out the rest.
Can I refinance my existing mortgage loan into an FHA 203k Loan?
Yes, you can refinance your existing mortgage into either version of the FHA 203k loan. The FHA 203k loan is also available for mortgage refinance transactions for those where the property is owned free-and clear. For the FHA 203k Limited Loan, only credit-qualifying “no cash out” refinance transactions with an appraisal are eligible. If the borrower has owned the property for less than a year, the acquisition cost must be used to determine the maximum mortgage amount. The requirement to use the lowest sales price within the last year does not apply to the FHA 203k Limited Loan.
What are the recommended steps to purchase a property using the FHA 203k Loan?
There are NO required steps or any specific order that items must be completed. However, to ensure a smooth real estate purchase, these are the recommended steps to purchase a home using an FHA 203k loan:
Who do I contact for more information on the Phoenix FHA 203k Loan?
Contact Paul Welden or go to the 203k Contractor Directory at 203kContractors.com.
Paul Welden PLLC | REALTOR®
Exclusive Buyer's Agent